500 – 750 mL/day (4–5 feedings/day)
SOLID FOOD INTAKE
30–60 mL (2–4 tbsp) per serving (2–3 times a day)
DHA is an Omega-3 fat prominent in your baby's brain and important for their normal brain and eye development. By your baby's 2nd birthday, most of their brain growth will have already occurred.
If using an infant formula, use a formula supplemented with docosahexaenoic acid(DHA). Once on solids, fatty fish is another excellent way to ensure your baby’s diet is rich in DHA
6–12 months: 70mg/day of DHA
Iron is essential for your baby’s physical and mental growth, and as they grow they need more to avoid iron deficiency anemia. Once your baby is on solids, make sure you provide iron rich foods.
Iron from animal products, especially meat, is absorbed more easily than from other sources. Vitamin C also helps absorption of iron from plant sources (non-heme-iron).
7–12 months: 11 mg/day
Your baby needs calcium for healthy development, especially of their bones and teeth.
The Canadian Paediatric Society recommends not introducing pasteurized whole cow’s milk (3.25%) until at least 9-12 months of age.†
7–12 months: 260 mg/day
At 6 months, you can begin introducing iron rich solid foods one at a time. Wait a least 2 days after each to identify which foods your baby won’t tolerate well. The amount she drinks well naturally decrease as her solid food intake increases.
For up to 9 to 12 months, your baby will get most of her nutrients from breast milk or formula. As your baby is learning to eat a variety foods with different textures, think of solids as a supplement to her diet.
Keep in mind, cow’s milk can become part of your babies diet, however, it is not nutritionally complete and should not be used to fill nutritional gaps.
Start with nearly liquid foods, then gradually introduce foods with thicker textures. Always supervise infants when they’re eating.
Avoid foods like nuts, raw carrots, popcorn, hard, sticky or round candy, raisins, hot dogs and whole grapes.
Limit fruit juice as it may take the place of more nutrient-rich foods. Give only if baby is older than 6 months and drinking from a cup. Limit to 125 to 175 ml per day.
Breast milk provides the optional nutrition for your baby.
Lactating women should have at least 200 mg of DHA/day‡. Eat foods rich in DHA, especially fatty fish such as salmon, to support your baby’s normal brain and eye development.§
All breastfed infants should receive a daily Vitamin D supplement of 400 IU (10 μg) until their diet provides it or they reach one year of age.
Babies in northern communities or with dark skin should get 800 IU (20 μg) per day from October to April.
* Average level of DHA and ARA in worldwide breast milk is 0.32% and 0.47% (mean ± standard deviation of total fatty acids) based on an analysis of 65 studies of 2,474 women).
† The Canadian Paediatric Society recommends not introducing pasteurized whole cow’s milk (3.25%) until at least 9-12 months of age.
‡ Koletzko B et al. J Perinat. Med. 2008;36:5-14
§ For example, herring, mackerel, pollock, salmon and shrimp. Visit Health Canada’s website for advice on how to limit exposure to mercury from certain types of fish.